Glossary

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A eng.

Abbreviations

CA:     Certifying Authority
CDC :     Caisse des dépôts et consignations
CICC :     Commission interministérielle de coordination des contrôles
CSG :        Community Strategic Guidelines
EAFRD:     European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development
EEF:       European Fisheries Fund
ENPI:       European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
ESA:       Environmental Strategic Assessment
ESF:       European Social Fund
ERDF:    European Regional Development Fund
ICT:           Information and Communication Technology
JTC:       Joint Technical Secretariat
MA:      Managing Authority
NC:      National Contributions
NSRI:        National Strategic Reference Frame
IPA:     Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance
SME:         Small and medium-sized Enterprise
SWOT:      Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats

Additionality

One of the Structural Funds' four principles which were strengthened by the revised regulations adopted in July 1993. This means that Community assistance complements the contributions of the Member States rather than reducing them. Except for special reasons, the Member States must maintain public spending on each Objective at no less than the level reached in the preceding period.

Associate Partner

Partner participating to the implementation of a project of the programme without beneficiating of any ERDF contribution.

Audit Authority

The Audit Authority for the Med programme is the French "Commission interministérielle de coordination des contrôles" (CICC), assisted by a group of independent auditors.
Functionally independent of the Managing Authority and the Certifying Authority, it is responsible for verifying the effective functioning of the management and control system.

B eng.

Beneficiary

Partner of a Med project who benefits from ERDF funds.

C eng.

Capitalisation

Organisation of data concerning the implementation of programmes, projects, concerning their impacts, the methods used in order to make the accumulated experience usable for other programmes or projects.

Certifying Authority

The Certifying Authority for the Med programme is the French "Caisse des dépôts et consignations" (CDC).
This Authority certifies statements of expenditure and applications for payment before they are sent to the Commission; it receives payments made by the Commission and, generally, pays the Lead partner.

Cluster

A business cluster is a geographic concentration of interconnected businesses, suppliers, and associated institutions in a particular field. Clusters are considered to increase the productivity with which companies can compete, nationally and globally.

Concentration

Process aiming at concentrating financial, institutional and technical means in order to produce sufficient synergies and lever effects to generate tangible results. The concentration effort is an answer to avoid the multiplication of small projects whose impacts remain weak or inappropriate.

I eng.

Indicator

An indicator can be defined as a way of measuring an objective to be met, a resource mobilised, an effect obtained, a gauge of quality or a context variable. An indicator should be made up by a definition, a value and a measurement unit.

  • Output indicator : Output indicators relate to activity. They are measured in physical or monetary units (e.g.,length of railroad constructed, number of firms financially supported, etc.).
  • Result indicator : Result indicators relate to the objectives of Priority axes. They relate to direct and immediate effect on direct beneficiaries brought about by a programme. They provide information on changes to, for example, the behaviour, capacity or performance of beneficiaries. Such indicators can be of a physical (reduction in journey times, number of successful trainees, number of roads accidents, etc.) or financial (leverage of private sector resources, decrease in transportation cost, etc.) nature.
  • Impact indicator : Impact indicators refer to the consequences of the programme beyond the immediate effects. Two concepts of impact can be defined:

    • Specific impacts are those effects occurring after a certain lapse of time but which are, nonetheless, directly linked to the action taken and the direct beneficiaries.

    • Global impacts are longer-term effects affecting a wider population.

  • Target value : A quantified objective expressed as a value to be reached by an indicator (output, result or impact indicator), usually within a given time frame.

Innovation

Innovation is about creation of new products, new processes, new technologies, new organisation systems... Thus, innovation can be technological and non technological with the objective to improve the functioning of institutions, the efficiency of strategies implemented and the competitiveness of economic operators.

K eng.

Key actors

Bodies who are particularly likely to contribute to one or more of the Programme objectives owing to their field of activity and responsibilities, regardless of their degree of familiarity with, or involvement in, previous cooperation programmes.

L eng.

Lead Partner

The project partner appointed by the project partnership to take on the responsibilities of the "lead beneficiary" defined in Article 20-1) of ERDF Regulation 1080/2006.

N eng.

Non profit organisation

A non-profit organization (abbreviated "NPO", or "non-profit" or "not-for-profit") is an organization whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes. Non profit organisations can make benefits but these benefits must be reinvested in its activity.

S eng.

Sensitive areas

Areas with undisputed qualities, taking into account the quality of its landscape or appearance, or the presence of rare or endangered species. The term can also apply to land without any real intrinsic value, yet considered vulnerable due to the pressure exerted upon it, for instance by urban development or intensive tourism: reserves and natural parks ; Natura 2000 areas ; special protection areas ; special areas of conservation ; wetland ; biogenetic reserves; ...

Small and medium-sized enterprise

Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC
Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises are defined according to their staff headcount and turnover or annual balance-sheet total.
-    A medium-sized enterprise is defined as an enterprise which employs fewer than 250 persons and whose annual turnover does not exceed EUR 50 million or whose annual balance-sheet total does not exceed EUR 43 million.
-    A small enterprise is defined as an enterprise which employs fewer than 50 persons and whose annual turnover and/or annual balance sheet total does not exceed EUR 10 million.
-    A microenterprise is defined as an enterprise which employs fewer than 10 persons and whose annual turnover and/or annual balance sheet total does not exceed EUR 2 million.

Structural Funds

The Structural Funds finance the "structural" actions of the UE, i.e. the actions working to reduce the gap between the various regions level of development. The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) is the main financial instrument for the regional programmes. It is completed by the European Social Fund (ESF) for the actions regarding professional training and fight against unemployment. The European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF) supports the actions in favour of rural development.
Since 1994, the Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance (FIFG) assembles all the financial means concerning Fisheries.
With the programming period 2007-2013, the EAGGF becomes the EAFRD, European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the FIFG becomes the European Fisheries Fund (EFF).

Sustainable development

The concept of sustainable development refers to a form of economic growth which satisfies society's needs in terms of well-being in the short, medium and - above all - long terms. It is founded on the assumption that development must meet today's needs without jeopardising the prospects of future generations. In practical terms, it means creating the conditions for long-term economic development with due respect for the environment. The Copenhagen world summit for sustainable development (March 1995) stressed the need to combat social exclusion and protect public health.
The Treaty of Amsterdam wrote an explicit reference to sustainable development into the recitals of the EU Treaty.

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